Corrective Reading aims to help close the achievement gap by addressing deficiencies in both Decoding and Comprehension. It is an intensive intervention for pupils reading one or more years below the level expected for their age.
Corrective Reading can be implemented in small groups of 4-5 pupils or in a whole-class format. Corrective Reading in intended to be taught in 45 minute lessons 4-5 times a week. There are four levels that correspond to pupils' decoding skills. All lessons are sequenced and scripted.
The comprehension strand is designed for pupils who read without understanding, the intervention is designed to develop their vocabulary, information and comprehension strategies. It gives underachieving readers the opportunity to develop higher order thinking and reasoning tactics used by successful readers - applying prior knowledge, making inferences, analysing evidence. With progress through each level, pupils read increasingly more difficult material with accuracy, fluency, solid comprehension and improved study skills.
Decoding lessons range from instruction in letter sounds and blending to the reading of sophisticated passages such as those found in content-area textbooks.
The teacher materials include: presentation books, teacher's guide, practice and review activities CD-ROM.
Corrective Reading uses a direct instruction approach, seven hours of staff development are provided that focus on how to deliver direct instruction and use the program materials. Follow-up observations and coaching are recommended. A Teaching Tutor CD-Rom provides ongoing support for teachers using the intervention.
The What Works Clearinghouse found Corrective Reading to have potentially positive effects on alphabetics and fluency and no discernible effects on comprehension. No studies into the intervention met our criteria for inclusion.
The study that met the What Works Clearinghouse evidence standards, Torgesen et al. (2006), only included 79 students and so it does not meet our criteria for inclusion.